Basketball first appeared in 1891, and since then it has developed into a global sport. Many nations, including Russia, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, and portions of Asia, have embraced the sport, but the NBA, the largest and most successful league in the world, is found in America (National Basketball Association).
The goal of the game
Basketball is a sport where the goal is to put the ball through a hoop to get points. The game is played on a rectangular court, and the number of points earned depends on whatever part of the court you successfully toss the ball into. The ball may be passed or dribbled to move it around. The side with the most points at the conclusion of the game is deemed the winner.
Athletes and equipment
There are 12 players on each side, but only 5 of them may be on the court at once. Point guard, defensive guard, center, offensive forward, and defensive forward are the different positions. The players are then free to roam about the court but must take up a position on it.
The court is rectangular in design and is 50 feet wide by 91 feet long. The game begins with a tip off at the midway point, which is marked by a little circle in the middle (the ball is thrown in the air by the referee and a player from each team tries to win possession for their team). There are two 10-foot-tall baskets, one at either end of the floor. The outer ring is a three-point arc, and the key, which also has a free-throw line, is in the center of that.
The only equipment required to play is a basketball court. Teams are required to wear coordinated uniforms, and some players choose to protect themselves by using face masks and gum shields.
The game is divided into four quarters of twelve minutes each. A 15-minute halftime period separates the second and third quarters.
Basketball players may score in one of three ways. Any field goal made outside of the three-point line will get three points. Two points are earned when a basket is made within the three-point arc. Every time a free throw is made successfully, one point is earned. The location of the foul will determine how many free throws are awarded.
Taking the Win
Basketball games may be won by simply outscoring your opponents in the allowed game time. If the final scores are tied, one additional quarter will be played to determine the winner.
The Basketball Rules
There can only ever be five players from each side on the floor at once. Within the game, substitutions may be performed as often as desired.
Only dribbling (bouncing the ball) or passing the ball may move the ball. A player cannot dribble or move with the ball once they have two hands on it (this does not include grabbing the ball); instead, the ball must be passed or shot.
The ball must cross the half-way line within 10 seconds after entering a team’s half and being recovered by them. A foul will be signaled and the ball will be handed over if it doesn’t do so.
For at least one shot at the hoop, each team gets 24 seconds. A shot is defined as either making contact with the basket’s rim or entering the goal. The shot clock is reset for further 24 seconds if, after the shot is taken, the ball does not go into the basket.
The team attempting to score a basket is referred to as the offense, while the team attempting to stop them from doing so is referred to as the defense. By blocking shots or stopping them from being launched, the defense must do all in their power to prevent the offense from scoring.
The ball is then passed over to the opponent after every successful basket.
A free throw will ultimately be granted once a particular amount of fouls have been committed throughout the course of the game. A free throw entails one offensive team member (the player fouled) taking an uncontested shot from the free throw line. The quantity of free throws a player receives will depend on where the foul was committed.
Basketball violations include travelling, which is defined as taking more than one step without bouncing the ball, double dribbling, which is defined as picking up the ball with two hands and dribbling while stopping, as well as goaltending, which is defined as when a defensive player blocks the ball as it is moving downwards towards the basket, and back court violations (once the ball passes the half way line the offensive team cannot take the ball back over the half way line).